Alluri Seetharama Raju Biography
Many revolutionaries contributed to liberate the country, then India could get independence. But as many revolutionaries and those who fought against the British, their aims and ways were different. A patriot fought in the city and fought against the British. Some patriots were also those who defeated the English army while staying in the village. But there were some revolutionaries who fought in the forests against the British.
A similar patriot lived in the jungles and fought against the British. They wanted to liberate the country but also fought the people living in the forests for justice. Aloori Sitaram Raju, who lived in Andhra Pradesh, also fought with the British in the jungles. He had defeated the British several times in the war. Today, we are going to give you the information of this great patriot.
Allurai Sitaram Raju was a great Indian revolutionary who made significant contributions in the freedom movement of the country. In 1882, the Madras Forest Act was approved, due to which there was a huge crisis in the tribal people of the forest.
All the people living in the forest used to cultivate podu. Farmers in this kind of farming used to cultivate for some time at some point of time and later for some years kept that land barren. But with the introduction of the new law, they were banned from doing this kind of farming.
During the year 1922-24, the people of the tribe raised their voices against the British and raised their voice against this, their movement was led by Allurai Sitaram Raju. Local people called them ‘Manyam Veerudu’ In Hindi it means called the hero of the forest. He had a great movement on the eastern Godavari and the border of Vishakhapatnam in Madras province. The place where this movement took place is located in Andhra Pradesh today.
Allurai Sitaram Raju was inspired by the other revolutionaries of Bengal and inspired him, he attacked many police stations in Chintapalle, Ramchodavaram, Dammanapalli, Krishna Devi PETA, Rajvomamangi, Aditigala, Narsipatnam and Annavaram, and he had many weapons, Guns and ammunition were recovered and many British officers were killed, including Scott Coord was also included.
He killed Scott Coord near Dammampalli. But in the last, the British had trapped him in his trap and caught him in the forest of Chintapalli and after that he tied him to a tree in Kaueru village and was shot and killed. His monument Krishna Devi is located in Peta village.
Introduction to the life of Allurai Sitaram Raju – Alluri Seetharama Raju Jivan Parichay
Alumni Sitaram Raju has got different information about different places. It is known from some places that Allurai Sitaram Raju was born on July 4, 1897, in Bhimanipatnam district of Visakhapatnam district. But in some places it has been told that he was born in Pandigi village. It has been reported in some sources that he was born on July 4, 1898.
When Raju was only 12, his father died. Then his uncle took them to Narsapur and after that he lived in Kovvada. From childhood he was not interested in studies, but he was more interested in Vedanta and Yoga.
When he lived in Toni in 1918, he met the people of the hill tribes. When he met those people for the first time, he was very disappointed to see his bad condition. After seeing them, Allurai Sitaram Raju left the studies altogether and started working on his special mission in East Godavari and Vizag.
Rampa movement of 1922
In 1882, the Madras Forest Act was approved, due to which many stringent laws were enacted to cultivate the tribal people in the forest, so that all the people could not cultivate their traditional podu. But Allurai Sitaram Raju raised a voice against the British oppression and started a big movement against them on the border of East Godavari and Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.
Inspired by many revolutionaries of Bengal, Allurai Sitaram Raju attacked many police stations in Chintapalle, Ramchodavaram, Dammanapalli, Krishna Devi Peta, Rajvomamangi, Adtigala, Narsipatnam and Annavaram and captured many weapons, guns and ammunition. During this movement, he also killed several British officers, in which he also murdered Scott Coward near Dammanapalli.
In December 1922, under the leadership of Sanders, Assam Rifles had deployed near Pagadapalla. At that time, Alluaru Raju used to secretly move. But four months later they started fighting and they were fighting with bow and bano in all the forest dwellers. At that time, his army was led by Gam Maloo and Gantam Dora.
Death of Allurai Sitaram Raju – Alluri Seetharama Raju Death
On September 18, 1923, Alluaru Raju attacked the Annavaram Police Station but during the attack, Gham Mallu Dora was arrested. To keep their movement under control, the responsibility was entrusted to the Collector Rutherford of Visakhapatnam.
In his leadership, the army he had sent had arrested Sun Narayan Raju Pericharla. Pericharla was known by all Agagiraju and was the greatest follower of Allururi Raju. The British who started the campaign in December 1922 continued for about a year.
But in the last chaatapalli jungle, the British caught Alluree Raju in his trap. Later, he was killed by shooting at a tree in Koipuru and killing him. Police officer Dnyaneshwar Rao had done the job of catching them, hence the British had made Rao Bahadur in return.
The grave of Allururi Raju is in Krishna Devipeta village.
In 1986, the Indian Postal Department issued a ticket in memory of Allururi Raju. The ticket was released in the series of Indian Independence Movement.
A Telugu film was also made on the life of Allurai Sitaram Raju, and the actor played her role in the film. A field of Eluru has been given the name of Allurai and it is known by all the Allurai Sitaram Raju Cricket Stadium. On his 4th July in Andhra Pradesh, his birthday is celebrated as the festival of the state.
In his memory, the Government of India has decided to make a memorial in front of Parliament, in the memory of the contribution made for the freedom of the people living in the forests, as well as the work done for freedom of the country as a revolutionary. But on October 9, 2017, Parliament member Thota Narsimham and V. Vijayasai Reddy appealed to everyone in Parliament to build their memorial.